USANaturalization: Becoming an American Citizen

Naturalization is the process by which persons who were not U.S. Citizens at birth can become U.S. citizens.

By becoming a U.S. citizen you can gain many valuable rights and privileges that permanent residents and others do not have.

As a U.S. citizen, you enjoy the full protection of the U.S. Constitution. You can also vote in federal and state elections and you cannot be deported.

Basic requirements for naturalization:
In general, to be eligible for naturalization you must:

  1. Be age 18 or older;
  2. Be a permanent resident for a certain amount of time (usually 5 yrs but less for some individuals);
  3. Be a person of good moral character;
  4. Have basic knowledge of U.S. history and government; (Test questions)
  5. Have a period of continuous residence and physical presence in the United States; and
  6. Be able to read, write, and speak basic English.

You may not be required to take the civics test or speak English if:

  1. You are 55 years old and have been a legal permanent resident (LPR) for at least 15 years; or
  2. You are 50 years old and have been a permanent resident for at least 20 years; or
  3. You have a permanent physical or mental impairment that makes you unable to fulfill these requirements.
  • You are a LPR married to an American Citizen you may apply for naturalization in 3 years.
  • There are also shorter times for those who have served honorably in the military and their spouses.
  • If you would like to apply for U.S. Citizenship, we can help you. We will assist you with your application and documents and accompany you to your citizenship interview.